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00:30:00

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TOPIC FREQUENCY

Turkey 4, U.s. 4, Vatican 4, Afghanistan 4, India 3, Pkk 3, Kashmir 3, Europe 2, Shanghai 2, Us 2, Sudan 2, Asia 2, Syria 2, Cardinals 1, The Pkk 1, Catholic Cardinals 1, Papacy 1, Milan 1, Taliban 1, Winnie Mandela 1,
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  LINKTV    Al Jazeera World News    News/Business. Independent global news  
   offers a variety of perspectives. (CC)  

    March 13, 2013
    5:30 - 6:00am PDT  

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>> black smoke from the sistine chapel, another vote fails to jews and roman catholic pope at the vatican. pope.ls to choose a new the other stories, kurdish rebels released eight turkish hostages. does it signal an end to decades of fighting? soldiers at and gunman killed an indian administrator in kashmir. and a close look at faraway galaxies. a new telescope has technology that could tell us more about
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the big bang. black smoke has been billing from the chimney of the sistine chapel, which means the roman catholic cardinals have yet to decide on a new poll. 115 car models are in their second day of isolation in the papal conclave in the vatican. cardinals. our correspondent barbara joins us from rome. what is going on inside the sistine chapel? ? do not know. even the auxiliaries staff have had to take an oath of secrecy. we know that they have voted. they chose to vote last night. it was inconclusive.
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they have to vote twice this morning. even though we just saw black smoke after the second vote today, we know that they have to vote twice. they still not decided who the pope is going to be, but i guess they must be getting a clearer idea of which candidates are getting momentum behind them. they have taken a break now for about three and a half hours. these are men in their 60's and 70's, so they probably after rest. -- have to then to reflect and have lunch. they expect to vote again twice in the afternoon. if they choose one, then only one vote. we would know that by the white smoke. >> we're getting a focus on the
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candidates? >> not really. i guess we would find out depending on when they vote. vatican experts say if we don't get a pope today or tomorrow or friday, that means it's one of the obvious candidates everybody has been talking about who did manage to get consensus or leased 2/3 majority needed. the ducks look at some cabinets likely if we get a quick vote. the first is the archbishop of milan, that post office being seen as a springboard to the papacy. anothernedict xvi moved venice. milan to there's another and who's the leader of the muslim-christian understanding center.
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from brazil, the biggest ourof the diocese in that country. about 200 million catholics. he has links to the vatican. he has been seen as a leading south american candidate. known for his sense of humor and twitter bout force. and there is one who's the head of the congregation for bishops. he leads a vatican commission on south america. . they cannot be seen as canvassing for the job. decided by god,
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effectively, the cardinals doing god's work. one of the cardinals said that the the job would be a nightmare. >> does it matter where the candidate comes from? cosmetically speaking, it does matter. pinkoson of catholicism. it is growing in africa and in asia. not necessarily growing in latin america. the population is growing, so that's why the numbers are bigger there. where is the dwindling? in europe. the turkish feels the secularism is one of the biggest threats to christianity. having an african or asian pope considered. church seels secularism
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is one of the biggest threats to christianity. there's always been a huge question over a pope from the united states because you would align the single biggest christian denomination in the world with the world's biggest superpower. a lot of people to think that it would not go well politically. so, nationality does matter up to a degree. i don't think it's at the forefront of what the cardinals are thinking right now. i think they are generally thinking of the best person to lead the catholic terrorist and to represent the whole church around the world. >> plenty to speculate on. nobody knows how long, only the cardinals inside the sistine chapel. we will talk with you later.
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banks. bykish hostages being held rebel group, the pkk, have been released. 8 soldiers and civil servants were freed as part of a peace process with the turkish government. a leader of the pkk began negotiating an end to the 29- year-old conflict in october. spokesman for the pkk said their release could support a final peace deal. >> we believe that releasing these hostages will help the democratic peace process. the turkish people and the families of hostages should respect our leaders' initiative. they should support a democratic peace process. this is what we expect from a turkish society. >> here is why the pkk has been in conflict with turkey. the group was formed in the 1970's. began a violent rebellion against the turkish government in 1984. its main aim was born independent kurdish state within
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turkey. a separate set back in 1999 when their leader was arrested and jailed for treason. let's hear from our correspondent with more from the turkish border. of goodwill.sture but they're getting in return remains a secret. talks of the negotiations with the sale leader remains a secret. there's been speculation with regard to what the kurds really want. some of them are suggesting that there should be a new constitution, a turkish admits theon which existence of ethnic kurds in turkey as well as some cultural rights and autonomy rights in kurdish-populated areas. it will be interesting to see
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when the negotiation terms, out -- come out. it has been kept secret between the turkish government and the pkk, because this is a very explosive issue in turkey as a whole. deputy camps are facing a catastrophic situation. fled fromchildren syria and are suffering from malnutrition and disease. the charities are running out of money to help the growing number of refugees. >> schools are closed and food is running out and water is making people very 6 because of the sanitation system that is broken down. the children and families, crossed the border in a dangerous journey and they are exhausted and scared. they're ending up in camps like this. >> after two years of war, many state institutions and communal services have broken down.
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it is prompting concerns that the rebels have been taking advantage of the vacuum, by attacking civilians and stealing from them. some local leaders are trying to unite to bring some, stability. >> an attempt at law and order in a land controlled by rebel forces with the syrian state no longer exist and there. this is an investigation into a criminal case and it's run by religious committee made of lawyers and local leaders. >> the case is about money. we have limited capabilities but we managed to find the group making phony money. >> in another room, the same committee has a more civil role. this rebel fighter is signing a marriage contract with his wife, his fourth wife. >> it is a historic day. this is the day of my marriage. >> he is the man behind the idea.
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he as united village elders and scholars from across the region in order to start building what they hope will be the foundation of new institutions. >> our main goal is justice and to get people back their rights. we want people living outside the areas controlled by the regime to know there is someone looking after them. >> the religious communities here are doing their best to take care functions that don't exist amor under the state. they are bringing awareness to those doing the fighting. support the rebels and their cause, and is also a where their shortcomings. -- is aware of their shortcomings. he encourages them to act responsibly and morally, especially when they take control of villages and interact with the civilian population. >> we are suffering from the bad behavior of some of the military brigades. we try to teach them moral
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awareness using the fundamentals of religion. this way we can avoid the bad behavior we have seen such as stealing and disrespecting and attacking civilians. >> many people here agree that the rebel-held areas in serious need more people like him. but similar efforts often seem in short supply in a land where force are the law of the land. >> saudi arabia has been headed seven men for armed robbery despite appeals from. the united from amnesty international says the a man supposeds to be executed. there was supposed to be a death by firing squad,
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>> the top stories. the vatican has black smoke billowing from the chimney of
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the sistine chapel, signaling that they have yet to decide on a pope. the cardinals will continue to vote. a kurdish rebel group has released 8 turkish hostages. the pkk freed the soldiers and civil servants as part of a peace process with the turkish government. a final deal would end 29 years of conflict. children in syria and reputed camps in neighboring countries are facing a catastrophic situation. save the children says 2 million children inside syria are suffering from malnutrition and disease. five indian soldiers have been killed in a shooting at a military area in kashmir. fighters attacked the army camp on the outskirts of a city. the gunmen were also killed. no one has claimed responsibility for the attack.
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the indian administering of kashmir has been under curfew for a bill last few weeks. indian prime minister is demanded italy sent two men back to india. the marines were being held in india after reportedly committing a crime. they have not returned since then. respectuld the authority and return the two accused persons to stand trial in india. word,y do not keep their there will be consequences. >> international forces start leaving afghanistan, the u.s. is increasingly relying on drones to monitor and target fighters,
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but the strikes from the unmanned aircraft have been condemned for killing civilians in afghanistan and pakistan. now this report from an afghan village. >> the villagers called and airplanes villagersmen. >> there were two. one is low and one is very high. >> he says his 9-year-old son was killed by a drone three months ago along with the fathers of all of these children. >> i'm scared they will bomb us. they killed my father and unafraid. >> they say five that builders had set off to deliver sheep to a neighbor. the drone fired on the mountain pass away, killing all 500. thevillagers gathered -- drone fired on the mountain
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pass, killing all five of them. hundreds of villagers gathered. >> they told us it was a mistake and they apologize. later, they gave afghanis for each person killed. is almost $10,000.10,000 as more and more ground troops are pulled out of afghanistan, the coalition forces are increasingly relying on drones for surveillance and for air strikes. local people want to know what checks are being made before they decide who to drop the bombs on from these aircraft in the sky and. the coalition forces say they
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targeted and killed five insurgents that day, but they have no record of local leaders claiming they killed civilians. despite that, a payment was made to family members of one of the dead. the nature of a drawn attack means there's no rest, no chance to check the intelligence. -- drone attack. ?ho are they targeting you've seen this. can the children and the women stopped the drones? >> i am even scared and home. >> their presence overhead is leaving the children to grow up in constant fear. ever civilian killed is another victory for the taliban's recruitment campaign. used of take this drones to a former navy flight
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officer and author of an on-line publication about military and defense. welcome to the program. it's hard to reconcile drones. civilians are often killed. it's wrong, is not? >> the real questions that need to be asked about this particular method of warfare -- and we're all on the same page and the u.s. is leading the way in these types of unmanned strikes -- the real question needs to be asked, is there transparency? the answer is there's not enough transparency. there is increasing concern globally about where these unmanned aerial vehicles are being deployed, where they are dropping weapons, where they are doing surveillance.
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we cannot really know the fallout of that. >> when you hear of children being killed or afraid to step outside, you realize something has to be done. there needs to be some kind of international agreement about this. >> that is precisely where we are headed. i think it is inevitable. we have heard recently that the u.n. has agreed to launch an investigation. in fact, they have launched an investigation into several civilian deaths around the world as a result of drone strikes. moving is what we see toward is perhaps a geneva convention on the use of drones in combat and in the gray areas where it's not necessarily a combat situation and not necessarily a peacetime situation. are in dangerous territory at the moment. the u.s. military has recently
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said that they will no longer be publishing data on drone strikes in afghanistan. hat means the monthly air report that they used to publish statistics, they no longer will be doing that. that really is a pretty clear signal from the obama administration that we are not going to talk about this any more. i'm afraid that the problem will not go away, however. theou are just greeting next generation of enemies. -- breeding the next generation of enemies. >> potentially, yes. my hope is that we will see a groundswell of support for transparency of how the weapons are used. that is what is needed. this is also to protect the operators. this is also to protect the men and women in uniform who sit
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behind the consoles and fly these missions. we are talking about their welfare as well. make sure it's a very clear mission and goals are very clear, the rules of engagement are very clear and agreed to buy the international community. >> thank you, robert. good to talk to you. the sudanese army has started pulling out troops from the border with south sudan as part of a deal between the two countries signed in the ethiopian capital on tuesday. sudan and south sudan also agreed to resume the full of oil within two weeks. the two side nearly went to war last august over oil north korea's army says it will retaliate against south korea and the u.s. promoting joint military exercises. the state-run media has released the images of the leader kim jong un inspecting military units near the border, the latest in its series of threats from the north. attention on the korean peninsula has reached the
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highest in years. the un and the u.s. have imposed tighter sanctions on north korea for nuclear tests. officials in china have collect the bodies of 6000 pigs near river -- from a river near shanghai. providespu river drinking water to 20 million people, but scientists say it poses no danger to humans. >> and other unwanted cargo of carcasses. these animals were among thousands collected from the river where they had been thrown either dead or dying. fromags indicate they came a village upstream. tests on a water sample taken from the river have shown the presence of a virus bent, and among pigs but harmless to virus that is common
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among six. >> some farmers would think it's bad luck to see them and they have a bad reaction, which is controlled them away carelessly. and the animals can end up somewhere they should not be. >> like in this village, is upstream from shanghai. some people here blame their fellow villagers. >> the situation here is definitely terrible. some villagers are not self discipline, so they put of dead animals on a bicycle and throw them wherever it's convenient for them. >> the chinese government has promised to invest a billion dollars over the next 10 years to improve the water supply system nationwide. ,ut on the huangpu river people's health concerns are much more immediate. >> south african police have dug up the bodies believed to belong to anti-apartheid activists who went missing 25 years ago. it's part of a renewed
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investigation into nelson mandela's former wife. her chief bodyguard told an inquiry in the 1990's that she was behind the disappearances'. winnie mandela was convicted of kidnapping and assaulting a minor later died. butdid not go to prison paid a fine. traffic problems across north west europe. after snowstorms on tuesday, people in paris are struggling with slippery roads. the winter weather will stay for the next week across the continent. the world's largest ground based astronomy project opens high in the desert. formed galaxies that shortly after the big bang can be seen. >> in one of the world's highest and the driest deserts. will provide a
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previously unseen in view of the universe. togetherdio dishes act to make it 100 times more powerful than any telescope of its kind. the altitude and dry conditions are ideal for observing a particular frequency of radio waves. >> this is a much longer wavelength of light than we could see with eyes. this means we can detect things that they're not even visible to optical telescopes. this is advantageous for #projects. -- for a number of science projects. >> they can see the formation of stars and planets and galaxies created billions of years ago. the first image shows a pair of distorted spiral galaxies, 17 million light years away. the telescope can also be used to examine the makeup of objects in space and identify individual chemical molecules.
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, those elements have radiofrequency is, which is what the antenna will capture. $1.3 billion project is a collaboration between countries in north america, europe, and asia. once fully operational, there are hundreds of scientists wanting used it. it.anting to use >> it covers objects in the andr system like moons galaxies, so it's a little bit of everything. >> researchers say the telescope is perfect for examining clouds of dust and earth-size planets. bill seitz will give them an unprecedented view of the universe and a better understanding of how it has evolved. it's all about speed at.
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and dogged at a former champion has won the the iditarod sled dog race in alaska. the oldest winner but race is aged 53. he and 10 dogs
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